Whole grains are generally packed with such as protein, fibre, vitamin B, antioxidants, and minerals. A diet rich in whole grains is said to have less risk of heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, obesity and cancer. A very good example of whole grain is sorghum. Sorghum is a broad term for a group of grasses found in many tropical regions of the world. It has more than 30 different species but only one is harvested for human consumption; others are primarily used as fodder for animals. The specie for human consumption, Sorghum bicolour (or S vulgate), has its origin in Africa but can be found around the world as a staple food product. It is a cereal grass having broad, corn like leaves and a tall, pithy stem bearing the grain in a dense terminal cluster.
Sorghum is a very small but mighty grain, which is very rich in terms of nutrients. It is considered the fifth most important cereal crop in the world, and it contains vitamins like niacin, riboflavin, copper, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and almost half the daily required intake of protein. Its numerous health benefits include
- The prevention of stroke and atherosclerosis.
- Improvement of heart and digestive health.
- Boosting of blood circulation and energy levels.
- Prevention of cramping, bloating, constipating, excessive gas and diarrhoea.
- Also helps in management of diabetes.