“An apple a day keeps the doctor away” is an old welsh proverb that most people are familiar with. But what are the health benefits associated with eating this fruit(apple) that makes it so special? Being one of the most cultivated and consumed fruits in the world, apple is constantly praised as a ‘miracle food’. A collection of research studies suggests that it may well be one of the healthiest fruits for you to include in your daily diet. Apple is a pomaceous fruit whose tree belongs to the Rosaceae family and has the scientific name Malus domestica. It is very rich in antioxidant, flavonoid and dietary fiber. The phytonutrient and antioxidant in apple reduce the risk of developing cancer, hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. Antioxidant protects the brain from age-related mental decline. A glass of apple juice daily may help preserve acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that can decline with age. Low levels of acetylcholine are linked to Alzheimer’s disease (a degenerative brain disease). Antioxidant also boosts and fortifies your immune system, especially when you’re stressed out.

Flavonoid reduces the risk of developing pancreatic cancer by up to 23%. Researchers at Cornel University have identified several compounds called triterpenoids in apple peel that have potent anti-growth activities against cancer cells in the liver, colon and breast. Their earlier research revealed that extracts from a whole apple can reduce the number and size of mammary tumours in rats. Meanwhile, the National Cancer Institute in the U.S has recommended a high fiber intake to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. Fiber protects the body against Parkinson, a disease caused by a breakdown of the brain’s dopamine (chemical compound occurring in the brain) producing nerve cells. It also reduces blood sugar swings, controls your weight and cholesterol levels, neutralizes irritable bowel syndrome, and alleviates haemorrhoids (swollen veins in the anal canal, which can be very painful, though not life-threatening).

Apple is best eaten with the peel on and at any time of the day, but preferably in the morning. Eating an apple after your morning meal gently stimulates bowel movement. So if you have irregular bowel movements or constipation, an apple in the morning can be a great help.

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